Kerala may be a tiny strip of land but outdoes other Indian states for having a capital with the longest name. Thiruvananthapuram (formerly Trivandrum) is a beautiful seaside city built on seven low hills. At its heart, enclosed within 15ft high fort walls, is the famous Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple, revered since ancient times. The Arabian Sea washes its west coast, and the border with Tamil Nadu is on the east. As the erstwhile capital of the Travancore kings, the city is steeped in history. Trivandrum airport ensures a steady flow of travellers waiting to experience its sacred temples, clean beaches and scenic backwaters.
Best time to visit Thiruvananthapuram:
To enjoy the best weather, visit Thiruvananthapuram between October to February.
Most spoken languages inThiruvananthapuram
How to reach Thiruvananthapuram
Formerly an Ammaveedu (home for royal consorts) and a Dutch manor, this heritage restaurant tantalises with bespoke culinary experiences. Influenced by exotic global flavours that crept along the trade route to India, expect a leisurely sensory journey into Asian, Mediterranean, Moroccan and Italian cuisine in a gazebo-style patio or elegant indoor setting. Ask for baked crab in garlic butter or the signature Kerala seafood platter and the house kulfi.
Set in an 1893 building that was once the Imperial Post Office, the iconic hotel has been a favourite since 1934 for political and literary titans to converge. With a fantastic trio of restaurants – Travancore, Turmeric and Spice Route serving signature Travancore specialities to spicy takeaways and fast-food, this virtual institution gets thumbs up for consistent quality and home-cooked flavours.
A top choice especially with locals, it has a varied easy-on-the-wallet menu and is most famous for its tasty Lebanese and Arabian food. Don’t leave without trying the chicken shawaya that uses a self-proclaimed ‘blockbuster recipe’ and barbequed chicken al faham besides typical Kerala dishes, sizzlers and desserts.
This cosy, romantic restaurant is another local favourite with its generous servings of oriental cuisine, lip-smacking seafood and nadan specials (country-style dishes). If you’ve overdosed on South Indian food or kappa (tapioca), meen moilee, meen mappas, perhaps their authentic Punjabi-style rara murg will make for a good change.
If an all-veg clean and wholesome Kerala sadhya (traditional style banana leaf meal) sounds like heaven to you, grab a seat here. Authentic Kerala boiled rice with kootan, which consists of a circle of different delicacies (ranging from 24-28 dishes) this is indeed finger licking good. They also have regular meals that are lighter beside special meals.
Queue up for superb South Indian veg thali and tiffin. A reasonably priced menu, vegan options and quick service make it a crowd puller as does its fresh food – from a range of dosas to crispy vadas, healthy meals on leaf and excellent coffee.
Biryanis, tandoori items and more. This is a regular family hangout which serves a mean meen (fish) moilee.
A veritable old-world institution, ICH wins hands down for its characteristic charm and enduring taste. A magnet for students, intellectuals, artists and politicians, the building bears Laurie Baker’s emblematic brickwork replete with jalis. Like a bizarre lighthouse meets Tower of Babel, it spirals heavenward in the heart of town. Snatch a concrete seat around the edge in this bustling venue and pick from snacks like pazham poru (banana fry), mutton cutlets, coffee, kheema omelettes or a full Kerala meal at lunchtime.
Trivandrum is not exactly party central, thanks to its policy to discourage alcohol consumption, with five-star hotels being the only exception. Try Oakwood The Pub at The South Park (a Fortune Hotel), V Bar at the Hilton Garden Inn Trivandrum or Twist Bar at Vivanta by Taj. Purple Lounge is the city's lone lounge bar with a discotheque at Hotel Safari, centrally located on MG Road. Kerala is also known for its kallu shaaps (toddy shops) that serve the heady brew with kappa (tapioca)-meen (fish) curry.
Thoppil House Homestay, Palayam Present owner Thoppil Abraham John’s family has transformed the ancestral home of tennis star, Mahesh Bhupathi, a 115-year-old colonial bungalow into a top-notch heritage bed and breakfast. Gorgeous antique wood décor and furniture, three luxurious rooms, lovely traditional-style Kerala food for breakfast and ample space for relaxation, reading and urban birdwatching make it a Diamond Classified heritage homestay, by the Kerala Tourism Promotion Council.
Hycinth by Sparsha, A great option especially among Trivandrum hotels, for business travel, the modern hotel has friendly staff. The city center is 5 minutes away, and its proximity to the airport is a bonus. The restaurant Café Jade has a great Sunday brunch besides hearty buffets and an a la carte menu. But for a meal with a view, head to Water’s Edge, the poolside rooftop restaurant and choose from grills from across the globe, a live seafood station and teppanyaki table. If the food shows around your waistline, go for a swim or workout at the gym.
The Leela, Kovalam A sprawling oasis of luxury, this clifftop property with an excellent view of the Arabian shoreline has lured travellers since its inception. Trivandrum to Kovalam distance is about 16.1 km which is worth the commute if your stay, is booked at The Leela. A variety of excellent rooms with balconies presenting beautiful beach or garden views, authentic Kerala Ayurvedic treatments at the spa, options to relax in the infinity pool or sundecks, indulge in gourmet meals to suit your mood in an array of restaurants, learn yoga or cooking; this venue wows you with style. The Club at The Leela is an elite hilltop retreat with an exclusive international spa and library lounge and living room.
Niraamaya Retreats Surya Samudra Leave the bright lights and big din of city life for a private retreat, now touted as one of India’s best Ayurvedic resorts for wellness and luxury. Stay in heritage cottages that blend traditional woodwork with swish contemporary comfort. Walk barefoot among swaying palms with waves lapping around your ankles, enjoy luxuriating massages and open-to-sky baths, cultural evenings and more. With exclusively crafted packages for true-blue Kerala experiences of heritage, hills, backwaters, sand and sea, it’s time to chase your bliss.
Don't forget to drop in at the Puthenmalika Palace, a two-story museum with notable architecture. Besides its collection of priceless paintings and royal heirlooms, it has the Methan Mani or Meshamani at its gateway, a star attraction. This old chimer with a sense of humour is perched near the east entry of Padmanabhaswamy temple and is Trivandrum's alternative to London's Big Ben. Its mechanism has two butting rams crashing into the face of a bearded man, making his jaw drop on each ticking hour! The unique mechanical wonder has been keeping time on a pulley system with precision since the 1840s under Maharaja Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma of the erstwhile Travancore Dynasty. Recently upgraded to continue its unique operation, it's easily one of the city's prized possessions and one of the most popular attractions in Trivandrum for locals and visitors alike.
If the bookworm in you pooh-poohs digital books that don't compare to the real thing, here's something to crow about. The Reading Room in Kowdiar is a great place to browse. A lovely reading club with a dedicated space to read for adults and children, you can pick up rare books, vintage comics and graphic novels.
A half-hour drive south takes you to scenic Kovalam, 16km away, and its famous trio of beaches – Lighthouse, Hawa and Samudra. Tourists have flocked to these clean, crescent-shaped shores since the 1930s to rejuvenate mind, body, and soul through yoga, Ayurveda, massages, sunbathe, swim, and dive the bay.
For a mountain escape, Ponmudi, a hill station that's about 60km from the city, is your best bet. Its winding roads and lush tea gardens are ideal for treks, nature trails, and resort stays.
About 50km away is another favourite beach getaway Varkala, famous for its panoramic beauty and peaceful surroundings.
The Nishagandhi Dance Festival, which showcases various dance forms from all over India, is held every year in January at the Kanakakunnu Palace and organised by the Tourism Development Corporation. Dances are performed here in an open-air setting, ideal for the audience to immerse themselves in an ambience of swara, raga and laya. It showcases the best of classical dance from all over India. Specially choreographed dance shows, often fusing such dances as Mohiniattam, Kathak, Bharatanatyam and Manipuri, are also part of the cultural extravaganza.
During Onam, a host of fairs and exhibitions make it the perfect time to pick up handicrafts and handlooms. This exhibition displays Kerala's handicrafts' bets, including coir products, Aranmula mirrors, metal lamps, pottery, bronze and stone statues, jewellery, and sarees. Other state emporiums too put up stalls displaying their products.
Launched in 2008, the Kovalam Literary Festival is held every October for two days and attracts writers and lovers of literature worldwide. It comprises 15 sessions chaired by eminent writers, giving a glimpse into the minds behind English Indian writing.
The Soorya Dance and Music Festival is held for ten days every October and portrays various dance styles performed by renowned dancers from all over India.
The Navaratri festival at the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple also sees many renowned musicians from all over the country performing to an eager audience. It takes place during Dusshera and is held in honour of Goddess Saraswathi, with each performance is held between 6 and 8.30 pm every day of the festival.